Artist – Schwartz
In the summer of 1607, False Dmitry II with the detachments of the Poles approached Moscow and became a camp near the village of Tushin. Once in an extremely difficult situation, Tsar Vasily Shuisky turned to Sweden for help. For negotiations in Novgorod, the king’s nephew and a talented military leader Prince Mikhail Vasilievich Skopin-Shuisky (1586–1610) was sent. Having recruited Ratnikov in Pomerania, the prince, along with the Swedish corps, led by Jacob Delagardi, in April 1609 made Novgorod to “save the throne”. The victories of Skopin-Shuisky and Delagardi forced the Polish king Jan Sapega in January 1610 to remove the siege of the Trinity-Sergius Monastery, and on March 12, the troops of Skopin-Shuisky and Delagardi entered Moscow, where they were enthusiastically met as deliverers from troubles and unrest. (E. Sh.)
April 29, 1610, Skopin-Shuisky suddenly died, possibly from poisoning. The Poles again occupied Moscow, to the uprising against whom Patriarch Hermogen called against. In 1611, the first zemstvo militia led by Prokopiy Lyapunov approached the walls of Moscow, but as a result of the ramps, Lipunov was killed, and the militia was dissipated. The second militia of 1612 was headed by the Nizhny Novgorod merchant Kuzma (Kozma) Minin, recently elected Zemsky headman, who invited Prince D. M. Pozharsky.
Electronic catalog “Heroes and villains of Russian history”. SPb, 2010. With. 132.