Alexander II in Sanya


The artist is Sverchkov

Nikolai Egorovich Sverchkov became famous thanks to paintings depicting thoroughbred horses, dogs, hunting scenes, three and genre stories with the participation of horses. The gift of the animalist, the ability to extremely truthfully and freely portray scenes with horses helped Sverchkov to take the place of the artist of the Khrenovsky and Chesmensky state horse factories, the largest in Russia. In this position, he created a whole gallery representing thoroughbred horses. The artist showed himself in the portrait genre. In the 1850s-1860s, Sverchkov more than once wrote portraits of emperors (Nicholas I, Alexander II) in the sleigh, practically without changing the composition of the picture, but varying only a landscape background, costumes and a suit of horses. In a later period, he created paintings for the plots of royal hunting and battal compositions.

Emperor Alexander II Nikolaevich (Liberator) (1818–1881) – eldest son of Emperor Nicholas I and Empress Alexandra Fedorovna, nee Charlotte of Prussia. Education received under the guidance of the poet in. AND. Zhukovsky. Emperor All -Russian since 1855. The board began with reforms in the socio-political life of the country. On the occasion of coronation (August 1856), he conducted an amnesty of the Decembrists, Petrashevtsev, participants in the Polish uprising of 1830–1831, suspended recruitment sets for three years. In 1856 he headed the Special Secret Committee “To consider the provisions of serfdom”. In 1857 he decided to eliminate military settlements. Contrary to the position of most members of the State Council, he signed the “Regulation on February 19, 1861”, according to which the peasants were exempted with the land for ransom. Among its transformations: the introduction of the publicity of the budget (1861), the abolition of bodily punishments (1863), the adoption of the university charter, the conduct of zemstvo and judicial reforms (1864), the introduction of universal military service (1874). A new credit and banking system was created, a jury has appeared, private entrepreneurship was intensified. The Russian Empire included new territories in the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Far East. On March 1, 1881, Alexander II was mortally wounded on the embankment of the Catherine Channel with a bomb abandoned by a terrorist. Entered Russian history as a liberator. Anna Metelkin. Exhibition catalog in Malaga "The Romanov dynasty". 2017. With. 345.

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