The artist is Shishkin
The main result of Shishkin’s creative searches in the mid-1860s was the painting “View in the vicinity of Dusseldorf”, written by order of the St. Petersburg collector Nikolai Bykov. Considering this work in conjunction with the works “Teutburg Forest” (Zh-8632) and “Duba” (Zh-4127), one can present the consistent stages of the creative process of the master. From the faithful study of wood, stone, clouds he went to convincing generalizations in a wide panorama. Thanks to the verified ratios of “large forms” and lighten moments, the poetry of the landscape was born. Nature in the film “View in the vicinity of Dusseldorf” (as well as in the works “In the Grove” (Zh-4126), “Landscape with the Walking” (Zh-2815), “Walking in the Forest” (1880) (Zh-4129), etc.) was directly connected with people’s images. For “View in the vicinity of Dusseldorf”, exhibited in 1865 at an exhibition at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, Shishkin was awarded the title of Academician. Sergey Krivondenchenkov. Collection of Shishkin painting in the Russian Museum // Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin. 1832–1898. Pictures, drawings and watercolors, engravings from the funds of the Russian Museum. SPb, 2020. With. 6-7.
The most significant paintings written in recent months of pensioners are „View in the vicinity of Dusseldorf “and „Teutburg Forest “ – samples of the compositional skill of a young artist, but at the same time, they have all the signs of using a certain „school “recipes. Shishkin is already a great master, but a master who is still singing to a certain extent from someone else’s voice. It is quite natural that for the first of them he was elevated to the title of academician. The picture was written according to academic ideas what the landscape should be: there is a romantic plot, and a well -calculated distribution of light and shadow, well -conveyed development of space, pure, sonorous tones and skillfully introduced stuffage. This picture adequately completes the early stage of the artist. Irina Shuvalova. “What could be better than nature!”// Ivan Shishkin from the collections of the Russian Museum and the Tretyakov Gallery. SPb, 2008. With. nine.